アジアネット教育研究所は専門家による小学校英語教育、ヘルスケア・マネジメントの情報を提供します

会社概要 企業理念 アクセス お問い合わせ HOME
小学校英語教育
小学校英語教育TOP
▼リレーコラム
テーマ 1. 教師の資質とは
▼リレーコラム
テーマ 2. こうすればもっと良くなる!授業実践
▼リレーコラム 特別号

グループ会社紹介
株式会社ネットラーニング
株式会社wiwiw



HOME > 小学校英語教育TOP > リレーコラム

■リレーコラム テーマ 1. 教師の資質とは

第4回 THE LANGUAGE FORCE (2)
David Rosenfeld (高槻市教育センターAETスーパーバイザー)


 Welcome back to the Language Force. As promised last time, I will now present you with some insights into the Language Force that will allow you to teach like the great Obi-wan.
 Read carefully. Guard it well. And do not let it fall into the wrong hands!

◇The master’s Secrets…

Secret #1 - The Language Force is inside all children.
 Remember that no one gives The Force to Luke. He already has it within himself. It is a natural power that he, and everyone, possesses from birth. His teachers do not teach him The Force;they simply provide opportunities for him to discover and use his own natural power - one teacher by intentionally creating confidence-building, “I can” situations, and the other by fighting and forcing Luke to use his power to survive.
矢印 What Obi-wan would do in your class:

  A. Turn on the Force. Push the button on the CD and video players, and watch the Force awaken! And use rhythm, music, and gestures to input English and to play with what the children already know.
  B. Allow Discovery: Create guessing situations and don’t give the answer! Let it become a time for brainstorming, guessing out loud, trying-for discovery! At most you give a small hint, or an encouraging “a-ha!” and praise the children.
  C. Give Chances to Use the Force: Create situations where your students must communicate in order to get something or accomplish some task. The Force is with them, so you must allow the language to come out.


Secret #2 - Children will learn grammar without you.

 That’s right. Even if you don’t teach grammar, people (especially children) will still learn (some theories say they already know) the grammar! If you don’t believe this then you don’t believe that people are born with brains. If you don’t believe it, ask yourself how you learned to speak Japanese as a 1- and 2-year old baby.

矢印 What Obi-wan would do in your class:

  A. Give examples and let the children figure out the rules. Show a picture and say, “The cat is in the box.” Show a picture of a dog in a house, and let the children figure out how to say it. Then move on to a dinosaur in an airplane, etc. You didn’t teach any grammar here, but they will know the grammar.
  B. Say, “I’m hungry!” and act very hungry. Then hold up a picture of ice cream and say, “I want to eat ice cream” a few times with rhythm. Then show pizza and chant, “I want to eat pizza” a few times. Then “I want to eat natto” a few times. Then “I want to spaghetti.” Stop and see if some children notice that you left something out (you left out
“eat”). Check that some children noticed, and ask them what’s missing. Ask them in Japanese, “What’s the rule?”
Don’t tell them; ask them. Then you can move on to other verbs such as play or drink.
  C. Give them word-order puzzles, showing cards with pictures:

example 1

 

Let them figure out the correct pattern, then practice with examples (with rhythm).


Secret #3 - Your students are better than you.

 Right again. Children can and will surpass you in pronunciation, intonation, rhythm, and usage (because of situational learning, TPR (Total Physical Response) , and repetition), and probably grammar too if given a chance. This is natural and you should be proud of them.

矢印 What Obi-wan would do in your class:

  A. Push the button. Just keep playing the songs, chants, and videos. They will learn it by themselves much better than you or I can teach it.
  B. Once children have learned something and can use it, don’t try to teach it again! You must now give them many chances to USE it!
  C. Feel a great surge of joy (not envy) as they sing, dance, play, pronounce, and communicate their way past you, leaving you in the dust. This is the proper path of our young heroes. It is the way of the Force.



There are many more secrets of the Language Force. But a good Jedi does not reveal his secrets all at once. I hope we have a chance to share our knowledge again in the future.

2008年3月31日

 
David Rosenfeld (デービッド ローゼンフェルド)
David Rosenfeld(高槻市教育センターAETスーパーバイザー)

高槻市教育センターAETスーパーバイザー。
ALT、英語講師として、日本の英語教育にたずさわる。現在は、AETスーパバイザーとして、AETや学級担任の研修に力をそそいでいる。

著書・その他:
・eラーニングコース『即実践!ベテラン先生に学ぶ小学校英語活動』(アジアネット教育研究所)

 

ページトップへ▲